This is the "Citations" page of the "Research Process" guide.
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Research Process  

This guide focuses on the skills and resources needed to complete a research project.
Last Updated: Aug 25, 2014 URL: http://libguides.rccc.edu/research Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Citation Basics

A citation reflects all of the information a person would need to locate a particular source. For example, basic citation information for a book consists of name(s) of author(s) or editor(s), title of book, name of publisher, place of publication, and most recent copyright date.
 
A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.

A bibliography lists citations for all of the relevant resources a person consulted during his or her research.

In an annotated bibliography, each citation is followed by a brief note—or annotation—that describes and/or evaluates the source and the information found in it.

A works cited list presents citations for those sources referenced in a particular paper, presentation, or other composition.
 
An in-text citation consists of just enough information to correspond to a source's full citation in a Works Cited list. In-text citations often require a page number (or numbers) showing exactly where relevant information was found in the original source.
 

Works Cited Page

General Guidelines for a Works Cited Page (MLA):

  • Begin on a new page
  • Alphabetize list
  • Indent every line after the first line five spaces
  • Double space all citations
  • Include medium of publication for each entry
  • No longer required to include the URL for electronic sources
  • Use italics for books and magazines
  • Use quotation marks for articles and poems

 

Citation Overview

 

What's the Big Deal?

The purpose of properly citing sources is:

  • to identify the origin of the information giving the author credit, and
  • to allow the reader to find the original source.

Plagiarism is the result of not properly citing sources.

 

Cite it Right! APA

 

Cite it Right! MLA

 

Citation Pamphlets & Brochures

 

When to Cite

All of the following require a citation:

  • Summary
  • Paraphrase
  • Direct Quote

Basically, anything that is not cited should be your own original idea or common knowledge.

 

In-Text Citations

In-text citations signal the reader that the information in the body of the paper is attributed to another source. In-text citations must have a corresponding citation on the Works Cited or Reference page.

The word of phrase used in the in-text citation must be the first word in the citation on the Works Cited or Reference page.

Examples of MLA in-text citations:

   Lister claims that "stained glass work is an act of meditation" (23).

   Interest in rap music has been increasingly mainstream (Bliss and Thomas 75).

 

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