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ENG 112 - Writing/Research in the Disc: Tips for Evaluating Resources

This course, the second in a series of two, introduces research techniques, documentation styles, and writing strategies. Emphasis is placed on analyzing information and ideas and incorporating research findings into documented writing and research projec

Watch for Red Flags!

Scan your online resources for easy-to-spot red flags. Watch out for:

  • Fort with red flag pictureA specific point of view is pushed
  • Lots of advertising
  • Non-professional looking websites (poor design, misspellings)
  • Lack of citations or links to verifiable information
  • Merchandise or payment requests
  • No author/sponsoring organization is listed, either on the main page or in an 'About Us' section

Information Disorder by Democracy Digest, August 14, 2018

Types of Information disorder, venn diagram

Use the CRAP Test

It is challenging to determine whether information from the Web is credible and can be trusted. Is it factual? Biased? Relevant to your topic?

Here is a handy acronym to help you determine if a source may be CRAP.



  • CURRENCY How recently was this information published/posted? Can you find a publication date?
  • RELIABILITYIs the information supported by evidence? Can it be confirmed by other sources?
  • AUTHORITYWho wrote the information - are they an expert or knowledgeable in their field? (i.e. For health information, did a doctor or nurse write it?)
  • PURPOSE / POINT OF VIEWWhy was it written? To sell something? To sway opinion? Is it biased toward a particular point of view?

Pew Research

Pew Research Center logo

Media Bias Chart

Media Bias Chart