Statutory Law is the term used to define written laws, usually enacted by a legislative body.
Common Law is the part of English law that is derived from custom and judicial precedent rather than statutes.
Administrative law, commonly called regulatory law, includes those rules and regulations promulgated and enforced by an administrative body—for example, the Department of Labor or the Federal Communications Commission—according to that body’s area of responsibility, which is set by statute.
Article One Section 8
The Congress shall have Power ... To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
The cases included in the Legal Information Institute (Cornell University) Historic Collection are listed alphabetically. You can scroll down the list or click on one of the following letters to jump directly to that portion of it. Clicking on a case name will retrieve that case. If you are not sure of a case name, you may wish to search the entire collection using a portion of the name or a key word or phrase likely to be used in it. (To launch such a search click here.)
Types of Law
American courts handle three types of law:
1. Criminal law: Forbids people from acting in certain ways. In criminal cases, a government prosecutor brings charges against a defendant. The outcome is either acquittal or punishment.
2. Civil law: Governs how people relate to one another. It can involve disputes about contracts, suits over responsibility for injury, and the like. Both parties in a civil suit are private citizens; the government does not bring civil charges against people.
3. Constitutional law: Covers the fundamentals of the political system, including cases that test the constitutionality of a law or government action.