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BUS 115 - Introduction to Business Law: Overview

This course introduces the ethics and legal framework of business. Emphasis is placed on contracts, negotiable instruments, Uniform Commercial Code, and the working of the court systems. Upon completion, students should be able to apply ethical issues and


Statutory Law

Statutory Law is the term used to define written laws, usually enacted by a legislative body. 



Administrative / Regulatory Law

Administrative law, commonly called regulatory law, includes those rules and regulations promulgated and enforced by an administrative body—for example, the Department of Labor or the Federal Communications Commission—according to that body’s area of responsibility, which is set by statute.




The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land. No law or act of government—at the local, state, or federal level—can violate its principles. Similarly, a state’s constitution is the supreme law within the state’s borders, so long as the state constitution does not conflict with the national Constitution.

Necessary and Proper Clause

Article One Section 8

The Congress shall have Power ... To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

American Judicial System

Court Structure

Diagram of the U.S. court system

Terms to Know

Landmark Supreme Court Decisions

Cornell University School of Law Legal Information Institute logo

The cases included in the Legal Information Institute (Cornell University) Historic Collection are listed alphabetically. You can scroll down the list or click on one of the following letters to jump directly to that portion of it. Clicking on a case name will retrieve that case. If you are not sure of a case name, you may wish to search the entire collection using a portion of the name or a key word or phrase likely to be used in it. (To launch such a search click here.)

Subject Librarian

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Zach Housel
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Types of Law

Types of Law

American courts handle three types of law:

1. Criminal law: Forbids people from acting in certain ways. In criminal cases, a government prosecutor brings charges against a defendant. The outcome is either acquittal or punishment.

2. Civil law: Governs how people relate to one another. It can involve disputes about contracts, suits over responsibility for injury, and the like. Both parties in a civil suit are private citizens; the government does not bring civil charges against people.

3. Constitutional law: Covers the fundamentals of the political system, including cases that test the constitutionality of a law or government action.


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