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Research Process: Plagiarism

This guide focuses on the skills and resources needed to complete a research project.

Preventing Plagiarism

1.  Plan Your Paper

2. Take Effective Notes

3.  Know How to Paraphrase

4.  Know When to Quote

5.  When in Doubt, Cite it!

Check out Purdue's OWL for tips!

What Does Copyright Cover?


  • Original works in fixed medium
  • Books
  • Music
  • Plays
  • Images

Doesn't Cover:

  • Facts
  • Government Documents
  • Ideas

Individual works are covered for the life of the author plus 70 years

Corporate works are covered for 95 years


What About Fair Use?

Copyright law provides some exceptions for educational use.

To qualify

  • use must be for nonprofit educational purposes
  • must consider the nature of the copyrighted work
  • must consider the amount used in relation to the whole
  • must consider the effect on the potential market

Importance of Intellectual Freedom

"Restriction of free thought and free speech is the most dangerous of all subversions. It is the one un-American act that could most easily defeat us."

-Supreme Court Justice

  William O. Douglas

What is Plagiarism?

Clone -- Submitting someone's work word for word as your own. 

Copy/Paste -- Copying and pasting large portions from a single work without properly citing it.

Find & Replace -- Changing key words and phrases but keeping the essential meaning of the content.

Remix -- Paraphrases from multiple sources pieced together.

Aggregator -- Paper contains almost no original content, even though sources may be cited properly.

Copyright Basics

Open Society vs. Closed Society

Open Society Looks Like:                       Closed Society Looks Like:

   Political Freedom                                   Totalitarian Goverment
   Free Press                                               Censorship
   Open Debate                                           One Version of Reality
   Emphasis on Human Rights               Poor Record on Human Rights

        i.e. United States                                     i.e. North Korea

RCCC Academic Integrity Statement

"The College prohibits taking or acquiring possession of any academic material (test information, research papers, notes, etc.) from a  member of the College staff or another Student without permission; receiving or giving help during tests;  submitting papers or reports presented as the student’s original work that are not entirely the Student’s own; not giving credit for others’ work."